Farming with Cabbages in South Africa

Cabbage Farming in South Africa

Fruit and vegetable prices has gone through the roof and it is now time to make money with cabbages. Easy to grow and hardy, garden-grown cabbage is a nutritious and a rewarding gardening project. Growing cabbage is fairly easy, it’s a robust vegetable that isn’t too fussy and a lot of profit can be made by selling to the fruit and veg markets, directly from your farm and to supermarkets. To see your cabbage farming venture grow even faster you can boost the farming period by making or buying your own seedlings and plant 40 000 seedlings per hectare. If you have land and plenty water, you are ready to farm with cabbages – Cabbage Farming in South Africa

Cabbage is a cool-climate crop. Develop cabbage in spring so it comes to collect before the mid year warmth or start cabbage in mid to pre-fall so it comes to gather during the cool long stretches of harvest time, winter, or late-winter.

The developing and selling of cabbages in South Africa is a worthwhile business in case you’re energetic about agriculture. There’s a popularity for cabbages in South Africa infer-able from its high healthy benefit and the straightforwardness with which the vegetable can be readied. Cabbages are a simple pick with regards to crops that are less frenzied to develop and employing a few preferences. For example, cabbages have high return rates, can flourish in for all intents and purposes any climate and require substantially less synthetic chemical sources.

Cabbages are moderately reasonable and inside the compass of any level of pay. They are likewise less short-lived as they have a generous hold life at room temperature. Their adaptability is likewise shown in their appropriateness for being transformed into dried vegetables. Besides they can likewise be utilized as nourishment for poultry creation, cows or bunny creation, among others. Simple taking care of and transportation likewise adds on to the extensive rundown of qualities that make cabbage cultivating all the more engaging.

How to get a Cabbage Farming Business plan

The cabbage production business plan can be used for many purposes including:

  • Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
  • Applying for a bank loan
  • Start-up guide to launch your cabbage farming business
  • As a cabbage farming project proposal
  • Assessing profitability of the cabbage farming business
  • Finding a business partner
  • Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
  • Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation

The business plan includes, but not limited to:

  • Market Analysis
  • Industry Analysis
  • 5 Year Automated Financial Statements [ Income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, monthly cash flow projections (3 years monthly cash flow projections, the remaining two years annually),break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortisation]
  • Marketing Strategy
  • Risk Analysis
  • SWOT & PEST Analysis
  • Operational Requirements
  • Cabbage farming guide (Technical Details of how to plant, grow and harvest the cabbages)
  • Operational Strategy
  • Why some South Africans in the cabbage production business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
  • Ways to raise capital to start your cabbage farming business in South Africa
  • Directory [Contact Details for South African suppliers of inputs (seeds, seedlings, fertilizers, equipment etc) and contacts of cabbage farming training companies in South Africa]

To view pricing and more information about the Cabbage Farming Business Plan click here

Planting Method of Cabbage Seeds

Proliferation – From Seeds . Direct planting should be possible just as planting seedlings. The land should be cleaned and furrowed profoundly to a profundity of 450 to 600 mm about a month prior to planting, the dirt should be treated for nematodes prior to planting time if fundamental. About half of the supplement prerequisite will likewise be applied not long prior to planting and furrowed in with a plate to clean level and get ready for planting.

Dispersing (Spacing your Cabbage Seeds)

For enormous head cultivars plants should be divided 40 cm separated in columns that are 70 cm separated. This compares to around 40 000 to 50 000 plants for each hectare. For medium head cultivars plants should be separated 30 cm separated in lines that are 50 cm separated. This compares to around 60 000 plants for each hectare.

Cabbage Farming in South Africa

Cabbage Planting Time in SA

Sow in seed tray inside (nursery) any time throughout the year.

Cabbage Planting Time

Planting of seedlings happens around 30 days subsequent to planting when seedlings are about 10 cm tall. Cabbage can be planted all year in South Africa besides in areas that experience extreme cold or warm periods.

Development Period

100 to 120 days from planting

Treatment and Fertilizing Cabbage Plants

To determine supplement necessities a dirt investigation should be finished. Cabbage is a substantial feeder and consolidating typical manure with fertilizer and additionally manure will give great outcomes. Natural manures can likewise be utilized.

An overall suggestion: Before planting, circle furrow in at least 1000kg of 2:3:4 (27) to guarantee the plants get a decent beginning.

At that point apply top dressings of nitrogen on the plant lines.

Fourteen days subsequent to planting – 250 kg LAN for every hectare

Four Weeks subsequent to planting – 350kg LAN per hectare

A month and a half subsequent to planting – 500kg LAN per hectare

Try not to prepare past the point of no return as this could cause parting or distorted heads.

Watering system for Cabbage

Water seedlings once per day during the cooler months and two times per day during hotter months until they are fit to be planted out. Water and saturate zone to be planted so seedlings can be planted into soggy ground. When planted quickly flood so that plants can subside into their new climate. From that point inundate somewhere in the range of 30 and 40mm of water every week relying upon temperature and soil type.

Cabbage Farming in South Africa

Where to Grow Cabbage

Develop cabbage in soil wealthy in natural issue that is very much depleted. Set up the planting beds in front of planting by covering beds with 2 to 3 inches (5-7cm) of matured fertilizer or business natural planting blend and turning it under to 12 inches (30cm) profound.

Cabbage develops best where the dirt pH is somewhere in the range of 6.5 and 6.8.

In the event that clubroot sickness has been an issue, change the dirt pH to 7.0 or marginally higher by adding lime.

Add a lot of all around matured fertilizer to planting beds prior to planting. In locales where the dirt is sandy or where there is hefty downpour, supplement the dirt with nitrogen.

Adding a moderate measure of nitrogen-rich blood dinner or cottonseed feast to the dirt in front of planting will upgrade verdant development.

Spot transfers in the nursery when they are 3 to 4 inches (7-10cm) tall as ahead of schedule as 3 to about a month prior to the last ice in spring.

In cool-summer locales, plant cabbage in pre-summer for a fall reap.

In mellow winter districts, start seed in pre-fall—around 6 to about two months before the primary ice for a colder time of year or spring harvest.

Cabbage comes to collect in 80 to 180 days from seed and in 60 to 105 days from transfers relying on the assortment.

Cabbage planting and Spacing

Sow cabbage seeds a ½ inch dispersed 1 inch (2.5cm) separated; dainty plants to 18 to 24 inches (45-61cm) separated.

Relocate cabbage to the nursery when plants are 4 to about a month and a half old with 4 to 5 genuine leaves.

Set leggy or warped stemmed plants profoundly; you can cover 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5cm) of the fundamental stem even up to simply beneath the main two arrangements of leaves.

Space seedlings 18 to 24 inches (45-61cm) separated in columns 24 to 36 inches (61-91cm) separated. You can space plants nearer however the heads will be more modest at development.

In late-winter plant cabbage through dark plastic or nursery texture set up to warm the dirt. Cut a x in the texture to set out transfers.

Plant progression crops at regular intervals or plant seeds and transfers simultaneously or plant early and middle of the season assortments simultaneously with the goal that they come to reap at various occasions.

Plant 4 to 8 cabbage plants for every family part.

Planting Cabbages in Containers

A cabbage will fill effectively in a holder at any rate 8 inches (20cm) profound and wide.

In enormous holders develop cabbage on 12-inch (30cm)centers.

Keep the dirt uniformly damp, don’t release the dirt dry, and don’t overwater.

Feed cabbage developing in holders with manure tea or a weaken arrangement of fish emulsion at regular intervals.

Watering and Feeding Cabbages

Cabbage requires standard, in any event, watering. Lopsided watering can bring about hindered or broke heads. Give cabbage 1 to 1½ creeps of water each week; 1 inch equivalent 16 gallons (60.5 liters).

As plants arrive at development, scaled back watering to try not to part heads.

Prepare cabbage at middle of the season when plants are set up with a high nitrogen compost, for example, 10-5-5 or feed plants a weaken arrangement of fish emulsion at regular intervals.

Companion plants for Cabbages

Develop cabbage with beets, celery, fragrant spices, onions, potatoes; dodge post beans, strawberries, tomatoes.

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Maintenance of Cabbage on your farm

Mulch around cabbage—particularly in warm climate—to protect soil dampness and keep the dirt cool in warm climate.

Cabbage heads will part when they become excessively quick and take up a lot of water.

To forestall this harm, wind heads a quarter go to isolate a few roots and intrude on water take-up seven days ahead of time of gather.

In the event that heads are little at reap, add nitrogen to the dirt next season and plant prior.

Pest Control – Cabbage Farming in South Africa

Cabbage can be assaulted by cutworms, cabbage loopers (went before by little yellow and white moths), imported cabbage worms, cabbage root parasites, slugs, and aphids.

Spot a defensive collar around youthful plants to bar cutworms.

Handpick loopers and worms and pulverize them or splash with insecticidal cleanser or Bacillus thuringiensis.

Cabbage worms are the hatchlings of a fly. Plant radishes close to cabbages to repulse the flies. Spot column covers over seedlings or plant through the nursery texture to shield flies from laying eggs in the dirt. Hill diatomaceous earth or hot pepper around stems if worms are in the dirt.

Cabbage is a cool-climate crop. Develop cabbage in spring so it comes to reap before the late spring warmth or start cabbage in mid to pre-fall so it comes to collect during the cool long stretches of harvest time, winter, or late-winter.

Start seeds inside 4 to about a month and a half before the last ice in spring.

Spot cabbage transfers in the nursery when they are 3 to 4 inches (7-10cm) tall as ahead of schedule as 3 to about a month prior to the last ice in spring.

Direct sow seed outside when the dirt can be worked in spring.

In gentle winter locales, start seed in pre-fall for a colder time of year or spring harvest.

Mediavine

Spring cabbage beginning tips: Plant Spring Cabbage in Fall.

Sow cabbage seeds a ½ inch dispersed 1 inch (2.5cm) separated; slight plants to 18 to 24 inches (45-61cm) separated.

Relocate cabbage to the nursery when plants are 4 to about a month and a half old with 4 to 5 genuine leaves.

Set leggy or abnormal stemmed plants profoundly; you can cover 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5cm) of the fundamental stem even up to simply underneath the best two arrangements of leaves.

Space seedlings 18 to 24 inches (45-61cm) separated in columns 24 to 36 inches (61-91cm) separated. You can space plants nearer however the heads will be more modest at development.

In late-winter plant cabbage through dark plastic or nursery texture set up to warm the dirt. Cut a x in the texture to set out transfers.

Plant progression crops at regular intervals or plant seeds and transfers simultaneously or plant early and middle of the season assortments simultaneously with the goal that they come to gather at various occasions.

Plant 4 to 8 cabbage plants for every family unit part

Harvesting and Collecting cabbage

Cabbage will be prepared for collect in 80 to 180 days from seed contingent upon the assortment or in 60 to 105 days from relocating.

Cut cabbage when heads are firm and the base of the head is 4 to 10 inches (10-25cm) over.

Reap before the climate turns out to be too warm in spring. Cabbage will be sweet whenever collected in cool climate.

Cabbage for fall or winter reap can sit under a cover of snow without hurt. Just force away the ruined external leaves after gather.

On the off chance that you need extra heads from a similar plant, cut the head at the focal point of the stem yet leaves a few leaves appended to the stem stump. Little heads—about the size of a baseball–will develop from the stalks for later collect.

Storing and Preserving Cabbage

Cabbage will keep in the fridge for 1 to about fourteen days or more.

Cabbage additionally can be dried and frozen or restored in saline solution as sauerkraut.

Cabbage seeds can be grown (Cabbage Farming in South Africa continue)

Cabbage varieties to grow

Green cabbage assortments: ‘Stovehead’ (60 days); ‘Jersey Wakefield’ (63 days); ‘Brilliant Acre’ (65 days); ‘Market Prize’ (73 days); ‘Green Boy’ (75 days); ‘Gather Together’ (76 days); ‘Blue Ribbon’ (76 days); ‘Blue Boy’ (78 days); ‘Rio Verde’ (70 days); ‘Badger Ban Head’ (98 days); ‘Level Dutch’ (105 days).

Savoy cabbage assortments: ‘Savoy Ace’ (80 days); ‘Savoy King’ (85 days).

Red cabbage assortments: ‘Red Acre’ (76 days); ‘Red Ball’ (70 days); ‘Red Ribbon’ (78 days); ‘Ruby Perfection’ (90 days).

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Cabbage varieties by time of Harvest

Early-season green cabbage: ‘Bergkabis, Charmant’ (52-65 days); ‘Derby Day’ (58-65 days), ‘Disclosure’, ‘Dynamo’, ‘Early Jersey Wakefield’ (63-70 days); ‘Brilliant Acre’ (58-65 days); ‘Jingan’; ‘Julius’; ‘Small scale Cole’; ‘Parel’; ‘Primo’; ‘Stonehead’ (50-70 days).

Early-season red cabbage: ‘Barteolo’; ‘Bentley’; ‘Cardinal’; ‘Copenhagen Market Red’; ‘Tether’; ‘Lennox’; ‘Mammoth Red Rock’ (90-95 days); ‘Red Acre’ (75-85 days); ‘Red Debut’; ‘Red Drumhead’ (95 days); ‘Red Rodan’ (140 days); ‘Red Rookie’ (78 days); ‘Rona Red’ (98 days), ‘Rougette’; ‘Ruby Perfection’ (83-85 days); ‘Strong Red’ (83 days).

Middle of the season cabbage assortments: ‘Blue Vantage’ (76 days); ‘Copenhagen Market’ (72 days); ‘Fortuna’ (80-85 days).

Late-season cabbage assortments: ‘Bruswick’; ‘Danish Ballhead’ (100-105);’Gloria’; ‘January King’; ‘Late Flat Dutch’ (100-110 days); ‘Savonarch’ (110 days); ‘Strong Blue’; ‘Wivoy’.

About Cabbage farming in SA

Cabbage is a strong biennial developed as a cool-climate yearly that can endure ice yet not warmth.

Cabbage grows an expanded terminal bud of wide, covering leaves called a “head” on a short, thickset stem. Heads can be round, level, or pointed. Leaves can be smooth or crinkled in shades of green or ruddy purple and the head can be round, level or pointed.

Cabbage Farming in South Africa assortments can come to reap from the get-go in the season, middle of the season, or late season.

Presented to serious ice, too little dampness, or an excess of warmth cabbage won’t shape a head however rather jolt and go straightforwardly to seed.

Cabbage heads–which are generally water–will extend and part if the climate develops too warm as the heads take up water more rapidly than the dampness can unfold from firmly wrapped leaves.

Plant name: Brassica oleracea capitata Root: Southern Europe

Cabbage Farming in South Africa

Farming South Africa – Cabbage Farming in South Africa

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