how to make chicken feed

Make your own Chicken Feed with 3 easy recipes

When farming with Chickens, the question that is probably asked the most is how to make your Own Chicken feed and reduce feeding cost. Today we will discuss how to make your own chicken feed for broilers and layers. Feeding your chickens can be very expensive and the main reason why farmers fail to succeed with their poultry business. We have put together 3 recipes that works well, but not everyone can afford it so yes, there is a budget Chicken Feed Recipe included in this Article – Make your own Chicken Feed with 3 easy recipes

Breakdown of ingredients used to make Chicken Feed

When making your own chicken feed it is important to bag it and store it as you do not want to loose any nutritional value and moist. You do not need to crush your grains and chickens can eat whole corn (mielies), it is actually better as the corn pips does not loose oils and vitamins.

Chickens do spill when they eat, so feeding them whole grain feed will save you money as they will pick up the spills whereas a powdered feed will be lost. For smaller chicks you can crack the grains.

Make your own Chicken Feed with 3 easy recipes

For layers grains are healthier and will produce better eggs with harder shells. You still need to get the balance right as they need calcium, vitamins, protein and calories.

When you buy chicken feed at the stores (generally 14% to 16%) you need to know that there is nothing wrong with that mix, but with you own mix you can increase the protein levels especially when it comes to broilers.

Not every chicken needs the same amount of calcium and too much can destroy their kidneys, Layers need more calcium to produce eggs.
You can introduce egg shelves back into their food mix, but be careful not to give big pieces as you will teach them how to eat eggs. Grinding the egg shelves into powder will be the best solution.

Wholewheat has about 14 to 16% protein and omega which will be a good value to our chicken recipe.
Oats only has 9% protein but is high in fiber and chickens need fiber. Lots of it.

Corn surprisingly enough, has very little nutrition value, it is mostly calories and you want to add a bigger percentage corn to your chicken feed in winter times to help fatten up broilers and keep them warm at nights.
Corn is good for broilers but keep it balanced for layers.
Flax seed is great to add but it’s hard to get and expensive, with lots of minerals and 25% protein I would suggest to add it to your chicken feed.

How to make your own Chicken Feed for Layers - Make your own Chicken Feed with 3 easy recipes

Another good option is to add calf manna, a feed that has 25% protein, calcium and minerals, you don’t need a lot for your chickens. Calf Manna is expensive, you are not saving money with calf manna, but boosting your layers.

How to make Chicken Feed for Layers

  • 100 kg Wheat
  • 100 kg Oats
  • 100 kg Corn (Milieus)
  • 60 kg Soybeans
  • 10 kg of Calcium (make your own powdered calcium from egg shelves)

This is a very basic recipe and you will get the most eggs from your farming operation. It’s been tested and works well.

How to make Chicken Feed For Broilers

  • 100 kg Corn (Mielies)
  • 70 kg Soybeans
  • 10 kg Oats
  • 10 kg Crushed Luserne
  • 10 kg Bone or Fish meal
  • 5 kg Calcium
  • 7 kg Poultry Nutri Balancer – You can buy this at most Agricultural Shops.

A lot of people are against bone and fish meal so here is an alternative recipe for chicken feed.

How to make Basic Budget Broiler Feed

  • 100 kg Barley
  • 50 kg Wheat
  • 50 kg Corn (Mielies)

We have used this recipe many times and our chickens was ready to sell at around 75 days. (2.8 kg in weight – that is way to big, but we like selling BIG chickens.

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Make your own Chicken Feed with 3 easy recipes

63 Replies to “Make your own Chicken Feed with 3 easy recipes”

  1. I am based in Zambia, rearing layers, and I am using layer concentrate mix with meal no 3. Though the rest are there.still there is need to make feed minus buying of layer concentrate.
    How can I go about it?
    Gerald Banda

  2. I find this info very good. As i am rearing broilers and have layers., and the feed costs are huge. Would i still be able to call my chicken free range, naturally fed and organic.

    1. This feed is 100% for free range chickens, if you want to farm organically, just replaced the grains with organically farmed produce.

  3. Hello
    I am currently not a farmer but have passion to farm with free range chickens.
    As I read through, you didn’t say anything about how to make feed for free range chicken. Even though I have made research about it, I wished to compare yours with what I researched.
    Secondly I would like to hear from you about meals like “mealworm” and fodder for free range.
    Hope to hear from you soon.

    1. Hi Levy, recipe one and three is for more for free range chickens. I am doing an article about worms as feed soon.

      1. Yes you can as the protein are high in all feeds. If they are not free range chickens, they will grow even faster

        1. Hi.
          I have the following
          Maize, maize germ, wheat bran, wheat pollard, Fishmeal, soya, cotton seed cake, sunflower cake. How can I mix (ratio) to get a good feed

  4. This really interesting,the information is crucial for emerging farmers. Please advise how to make feed for day old broiler chicks.

  5. Hi malcolm
    I really appreciate for sharing this recipes
    But poultry as stage
    Start,grower,finisher= broiler
    Start,grower ,layer mash= layer
    Are we going to use the same formula for day old to adult chicken?
    Please help us here

  6. Greatly appreciate the recipes. Is it possible also to advice the best formulation for pigs for six months maximum growth. Other rations that I have used are taking long even up the 11 month’s to attain a market weight of 80 to 120 kgs

    1. Hi Elias, I will do a recipe for pigs soon, 11 months for 80 kg is way to long and you are losing a lot of money. We get our pigs to 70 kg in 5 months. If you have not already, subscribe to get notified for the update.

  7. Hello Malcolm, Receipe 3 – The Budget broiler formula- I assume it’s a starter, grower and finisher in one? ( obviously finely crushed for chicks) 2. How can you compare this feed to the commercial growth 35 days / 2kg.
    3. I do feed fermentation for 3 days and this will be great because there’s no growth promoters and antibiotics.

  8. Halo I’m so happy to see the amount of knowledge you sharing with us its beautiful and I’m going to be following you from now on.thank you

  9. Good information to have as I’ll soon be starting off (my )farming with boilers . Making my own chicken feed would be cheaper.

  10. Hi Malcolm
    Please send me also Budget feed from day old to 6 weeks
    Aswell as the feed for runners
    And the breakdown cost

  11. Hi Malcolm, I can’t wait to read your articles every week,its really inspiring.I’m currently busy with a setup for broiler farming. My current business is in tourism but the way things are going it doesn’t seem like it is going to recover soon.
    Since you going to do a article about the latest pricing from agri, can you also let us know where we can buy feed in bulk,if there is other suppliers, like directly from the farms.
    Thanks so much.

  12. Hie Malcom.
    We are starting a free range project now. Is it okay to take day old chicks as we are approaching winter. Or we take after winter season.
    Thank you

    1. Hi Annie, depending where you live you can still do day old chicks for another 3 weeks. Unfortunately winter is around the corner and then evenings will become to cold for day-old chicks. If you can supply them with heat (gas or coal ) you can continue, but both gas and coal burning are expensive. It would be great to do three batches over the next 3 weeks and test your sales to learn more about your local market.

  13. Ayorinde
    Good day I have try to formulate broiler feed, but my chicken did not grow well, I prefer_mix, concentrate, soybeans, corn, groundnut cake, and enzymes, I don’t have the right weight at six weeks,
    Can you please explain other additives needed to have the right weight at six weeks

  14. Great information thank you I’m in Cape town I am preparing to start again growing trying your recipes I stopped because of the expensive feed I want to try your recipe and I still need guidance though like with the amount of recipe provided how much chickens can it feed till they are fully grown

  15. Hi Malcolm,

    If you know where can I buy all of this? I’m in Msinga KZN, near Greyrown
    How do I mix the ingredients?

    VSS Mchunu

    1. Hi Eric, I hope someone see and assist you with this. We are in Cape Town, however we are getting supplier data that we will publish soon

  16. I always had this question, how much feed should be given to a caged chicken ?

    I have 14 koekoeks and my flock is still growing. What is the correct measurement?

    Thank you, this info was very helpful. But where can we by these ingredients during the lockdown?
    I bought 50kg of mixed grain just before the lockdown and 50kg of duck pills. And i am running out again.. am i giving to much feed?
    Kind regards

  17. Hi
    Thank you very much for the information it is so helpful. Aspectialy the calculating formula and the feeds that one can use.
    Many thanks.

  18. Afternoon everyone! m new hear and glad to hear your comments. tanks to admin for accepting, m learning a lot looking forward to start free-range layers.

  19. Thank you very much for sharing valuable information.
    We want to make our own chicken feed for our broilers and layers. Please advise where in Gauteng we can purchse the following ingredients to make our own chicken feeds: corn, Soybeans, oats, fish meal, calcium, nutri balancer, crushed luserne, barley and wheat,

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